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Overview

We’re known mostly for our digital ambition.
But there’s a lot more to discover.

Geography

© NASA

located in Northern Europe

45,339 km²total area
By the Baltic Sea, next to Finland, Sweden, Latvia and Russia.
19 h daylight in summer
On the contrary, the shortest winter day lasts only 6 hours
2,222 islands and islets
Estonia has 2222 islands and islets or 2355 if to count islands in lakes.
22% swamps and bogs
From any point on Estonia’s mainland, the nearest marsh is always less than 10 km away.

Northern star

Estonia is a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea, to the south by Latvia and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia. Across the Baltic Sea lie Sweden and Finland.

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Located in Northern Europe.

Plenty of space

Population density in Estonia is 30.3 people per km². That is almost four times less than EU’s average - 116.7 people per km² –, making Estonia the third sparsely populated country in EU.

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Land of boulders

Most of the glacial erratic boulders of northern Europe are found in Estonia. We have around 100 known boulders greater than 25 metres in circumference. They are protected and serve as part of our national identity.

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Nature

© Arne Ader

unparalleled diversity

4th best air quality
According to WHO Estonia holds the 4th place in urban air quality in the world.
22% is wildlife preserves
Estonia is commited to preserving naturally diverse landscapes and habitats.
386bird species
That many species of apparently wild state or released birds have been recorded in Estonia by 15.09.2015.
55hiking trails
There is a infrastructure of trails, cabins and info points all across Estonia.

Forests for all

Forests cover about half of Estonian territory. More than 40% of them belong to the state and are certified as organic collection areas. Everyone can freely pick berries, mushrooms or just enjoy the freshest air.

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Forests cover nearly half of Estonia.

5 seasons

In addition to the traditional four seasons, some areas of Estonia also have a fifth — the natural flood — beginning at the end of March or early April. Water levels can rise as much as five meters, creating possibilities for canoeing.

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Wild orchids

With the high time in June, 38 blooming species of orchids have been counted. The richest area of orchids is Saaremaa where 36 of them can be found. The area has even its own orchid called Saaremaa dactylorhiza.

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People

© Paul Meiesaar

a lot can be done by a few

1.3 millioninhabitants
Sparsely populated members of the EU, eurozone, the NATO, the OECD and the Schengen Area.
3rd fittest kids
Estonian children and youth are third fittest in the world following Tanzania and Iceland.
most optimistic people
Only 4% of Estonians think their children will be financially worse off than themselves.
100/84 female-male ratio
For every 100 females in Estonia, there are 84 men.

Our language

About 1.1 million people speak Estonian, one of the world’s smallest official national languages. It is used successfully in all areas of society. Estonians also speak a variety of other languages.

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Number of native speakers (in millions).

Fine education

According to OECD’s PISA results, Estonian basic education is the best in Europe and in the top 3 globally. Our pupils’ science, math and reading skills are outranked only by Singapore and Japan.

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Great minds

Estonians understand technology: Skype revolutionized communication, TransferWise changed international money transfers, GrabCAD helps to build products faster and Starship robots reframe local delivery.

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Culture

© Renee Altrov

rooted in traditions, always evolving

133,000 documented folk songs
We have one of the largest collections of folk songs in the world.
most performed living composer
Arvo Pärt, known for his unique tintinnabuli style, continues to be the most performed living composer in the world.
PÖFF top 15 film festival
Launched in 1997, Tallinn Black Nights Film Festival belongs to FIAPF's "Competitive film festivals" category.
1869 first song festival
Our song festival tradition, listed in UNESCOs Intangible Cultural Heritage, started in 1869.

Love for culture

By culture consumption, Estonia is one of the leading countries in Europe. Our 1.3 million inhabitants make about 3.3 million museum visits, 3.1 million cinema visits, 2 million concert visits, and 1.2 million theatre visits annually.

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Youth aged 15-30 who have been to a theatre, dance performance, or opera in the past year.

Grammy awards

Our choir music is world famous. Grammy Awards in the Best Choral Performance category have been received by Paavo Järvi, Tiia-Ester Loitme, and Ants Soots 2004; to conductor Paul Hillier and the Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir in 2007; and to conductor Tõnu Kaljuste in 2014.

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Simple Session

World’s premium annual BMX and skateboarding event Simple Session is known for the biggest names in the business and with participants from 30 countries, Simple Session is the most international action-sport event in the world.

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Society

© Siiri Kumari

smart, simple and scalable solutions

3digital impossibilities
Estonia offers more than 2,500 digital services. Those we don’t: marriage, divorce, real estate transactions.
20,000+ e-residents
Estonia is the first country in the world to offer e-residency – a transnational digital identity.
190+ nationalities
The largest ethnic groups living in Estonia are Estonians, Russians, Ukrainians, Belarusians and Finns.
3 minutes to file taxes
Each year, around 95% of tax declarations are filed electronically. It takes only about 3 minutes.

Saving 5 days

The digital signature, with legal standing equal to one made with ink, has been in wide use since 2002. The digital signature helps save the equivalent of one entire workweek per year per working age adult. This is roughly equal to a stack of paper as high as the Eiffel tower saved each month.

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A stack of paper as high as Eiffel tower is saved every month.

Digital healthcare

One of the most popular digital services among Estonians is the digital prescription – a centralized, paperless system for issuing and handling medical prescriptions. A doctor prescribes medicine electronically and the patient presents their ID card at the pharmacy.

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Let’s do it!

In May 2008, more than 50,000 people gathered for the “Let’s Do It!”, a nationwide initiative to clean Estonia of garbage. 10,000 tons of garbage was gathered in 5 hours. The movement has become international with 150 countries participating in 2018.

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Economy

© Rasmus Jurkatam

innovative thinking, fast actions

3 h to start a company
Registering a new company in the electronic business registry takes minutes. State approval takes place in just a few hours.
most start-ups per capita
Estonia has more start-ups per capita than any country in Europe.
1stin tax competitiveness
The Estonian tax code holds the 1st place in the OECD Tax Competitiveness Index.
lowest government debt
Estonia has the lowest debt-to-GDP ratio in Europe.

Open economy

Estonia’s export of goods and services exceeds 85% of our GDP. The major exports are electrical machinery and equipment, wood and wood products, and mineral products. Main export destinations are Sweden, Finland, and Latvia.

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Main export destinations.

Self-sufficient

Producing most of its consumed electricity from locally-mined oil shale, Estonia has the lowest energy dependency rate in the EU. Our domestic energy sources suffice and the need to import energy is at a minimum.

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Wooden houses

With 140 enterprises, the manufacturing of wooden houses is one of Estonia’s key industries. Around 85-90% of houses are exported, mainly to Norway, Germany, and the UK, making Estonia the most successful home exporter in Europe.

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Practical

  • Right-handed traffic
  • 230 V voltage
  • Type F power sockets
  • 112 emergency number
  • +372 dialing code
  • Euro currency
  • UTC+2 time zone
  • Reflector compulsory in dark
  • Estonian official language
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